As far as I see it, the baker dodged a bullet by winning this case. Future similar cases will most likely swing the other way. Here’s why:
1. The court’s decision was mainly based on evidence that the Colorado courts showed evidence of bias and hostility toward the baker based on his religious beliefs in the context of 2012 when gay marriage was not even yet legal. This would most likely not happen again today when gay marriage is legal.
2. The bottom line is that the baker did discriminate. Yes, he only refused to make a custom cake; he didn’t refuse the couple general services. BUT... his business offers custom cakes as a service. If you offer custom cakes to everybody EXCEPT the gay couple, then you are discriminating based on sexual orientation, even if that is your sincerely held religious belief. At that point the baker should either cease to make custom cakes or else make the custom cake for the gay couple as well.
Religious freedom is a fundamental right but it cannot extend into the public sector such that it infringes on others’ rights to have or not have their freedoms as well.
The baker mentioned that he also refuses to serve Halloween cakes or adult themed cakes as this would also violate his religious beliefs. He was fortunate that the court did not follow this line of thinking further because it actually does not hold up. If he doesn’t make Halloween cakes, then he is not making them for ANYBODY. If he doesn’t make adult themed cakes, then he is not making them for ANYBODY. But he IS making custom cakes for some people, just not the gay ones.
Future cases will almost certainly swing the other way. Just my thoughts.