Notice how these exclusions are worded:
* Clergy and members of religious orders.
* People engaged in a teaching or non-manual capacity in or for a religious, charitable or educational institution.
So, implicit in this statement is the idea that clergy and members of a religious order would be considered to be persons involved in spiritual leadership. Others (teachers, or any other non-manual capacity) are categorized separately. The way I read this, manual workers for a religious order would be covered by WC. So, the religious order defense is not going to hold water here. Their only hope is to try for some sort of voluntary classification.
Personally, I think the society is screwed on this one.
How much will it cost? Well, in my province the rate for printing employees is 1.19%. I assume the premium would be assessed on a "deemed" salary, since they receive a stipend, plus room and board. If bethel employs 6000 people, and we eliminate 2000 as spiritual leaders, teachers, and non-manual employees, and we assume a modest deemed salary of $2000 per month, they are looking $1,142,400 per year, plus back dues, penalties, and legal costs to appeal this.
Yes, I think they are screwed on this one. And how many others are out there? - health premiums, pension costs, etc, could dwarf the cost of the WC assessment.