First TD: every court has recognized Watchtower as a Hierarchical religion.
Do you have an example I could refer to? (Other than the recent child abuse cases)
I'm honestly curious for a number of reasons.
In a hierarchical polity, the organizational units are all legal
entities. A see or diocese is an entity that can be held legally liable
for complaints that occur in the smaller organizational units below it.
In the JW denomination, "Circuits" and "Districts" seem to be purely organizational entities without any legal status.
In a hierarchical polity, appointments are generally universal throughout the denomination. A priest is a priest pretty much anywhere he goes. In the JW denomination, "Elders" are not elders throughout the entire denomination. In other word, if he moves to another congregation, he reverts back to a "Publisher."
In a congregational polity, ownership of real estate is determined on the basis of nondoctrinal provisions in the deed. In a hierarchical polity ownership of the property is always retained by the national organization inasmuch as individual parishes and congregations are simply agents of that organization.Has this all changed?