The President addresses the Nation

by designs 257 Replies latest social current

  • Simon

    It's important to read the full trascript and not just watch the edited video - it does leave you with a slightly different impression.

    The reason I actually wanted to come out today is not to take questions, but to speak to an issue that's obviously gotten a lot of attention over the course of the last week, the issue of the Trayvon Martin ruling.

    I gave a preliminary statement right after the ruling on Sunday, but watching the debate over the course of the last week, I thought it might be useful for me to expand on my thoughts a little bit.

    First of all, I want to make sure that once again I send my thought and prayers, as well as Michelle's, to the family of Trayvon Martin, and to remark on the incredible grace and dignity with which they've dealt with the entire situation. I can only imagine what they're going through and it's remarkable how they've handled it.

    The second thing I want to say is to reiterate what I said on Sunday, which is there are going to be a lot of arguments about the legal -- the legal issues in the case. I'll let all the legal analysts and talking heads address those issues.

    The judge conducted the trial in a professional manner. The prosecution and the defense made their arguments. The juries (sic) were properly instructed that in a -- in a case such as this, reasonable doubt was relevant. And they rendered a verdict.

    And once the jury's spoken, that's how our system works.

    But I did want to just talk a little bit about context and how people have responded to it and how people are feeling.

    You know, when Trayvon Martin was first shot, I said that this could have been my son. Another way of saying that is Trayvon Martin could have been me, 35 years ago.

    And when you think about why, in the African-American community at least, there's a lot of pain around what happened here, I think it's important to recognize that the African-American community is looking at this issue through a set of experiences and a -- and a history that -- that doesn't go away.

    There are very few African-American men in this country who haven't had the experience of being followed when they were shopping in a department store. That includes me.

    There are probably very few African-American men who haven't had the experience of walking across the street and hearing the locks click on the doors of cars. That happens to me -- at least before I was a senator.

    There are very few African-Americans who haven't had the experience of getting on an elevator and a woman clutching her purse nervously and holding her breath until she had a chance to get off.

    That happens often.

    And, you know, I -- I don't want to exaggerate this, but those sets of experiences inform how the African-American community interprets what happened one night in Florida.

    And it's inescapable for people to bring those experiences to bear.

    The African-American community is also knowledgeable that there is a history racial disparities in the application of our criminal laws, everything from the death penalty to enforcement of our drug laws. And that ends up having an impact in terms of how people interpret the case.

    Now, this isn't to say that the African-American community is naive about the fact that African-American young men are disproportionately involved in the criminal justice system, that they're disproportionately both victims and perpetrators of violence.

    It's not to make excuses for that fact.

    Although, black folks do interpret the reasons for that in a historical context. They understand that, some of the violence that takes place in poor black neighborhoods around the country is born out of a very violent past in this country. And that the poverty and dysfunction that we see in those communities can be traced to a very difficult history.

    And so, the fact that sometimes that's unacknowledged adds to the frustration. And the fact that a lot of African-American boys are painted with a broad brush and the excuses given, "Well, there are these statistics out there that show that African-American boys are more violent," using that as an excuse to then see sons treated differently causes pain.

    I think the African-American community is also not naive in understanding that, statistically, somebody like Trayvon Martin was probably, statistically, more likely to be shot by a peer than he was by somebody else.

    So -- so folks understand the challenges that exist for African- American boys. But they get frustrated, I think, if they feel that there's no context for it, or -- and that context is being denied.

    And -- and that all contributes, I think, to a sense that if a white male teen was involved in the same kind of scenario that, from top to bottom, both the outcome and the aftermath might have been different.

    Now, the question, for me, at least, and -- and I think for a lot of folks is, "Where do we take this? How -- how do we learn some lessons from this and move in a positive direction?"

    You know, I think it's understandable that there have been demonstrations and vigils and protests and some of that is just going to have to work its way through as long as it remains nonviolent. If I see any violence, then I will remind folks that that dishonors what happened to Trayvon Martin and his family.

    But beyond protests or vigils, the question is: Are there some concrete things that we might be able to do? I know that Eric Holder is reviewing what happened down there, but I think it's important for people to have some clear expectations here. Traditionally, these are issues of state and local government. The criminal code and law enforcement is traditionally done at the state and local levels, not at the federal levels.

    That doesn't mean, though, that as a nation, we can't do some things that I think would be productive. So let me just give a couple of specifics that I'm still bouncing around with my staff, you know, so we're not rolling out some five-point plan, but some areas where I think all of us could potentially focus.

    Number one, precisely because law enforcement is often determined at the state and local level, I think it would be productive for the Justice Department, governors, mayors to work with law enforcement about training at the state and local levels in order to reduce the kind of mistrust in the system that sometimes currently exists.

    You know, when I was in Illinois, I passed racial profiling legislation, and it actually did just two simple things. One, it collected data on traffic stops and the race of the person who was stopped, but the other things was it resourced us training police departments across the state on how to think about potential racial bias, and ways to further professionalize what they were doing.

    And, initially, the police departments across the state were resistant, but actually they came to recognize that if it was done in a fair, straightforward way that, it would allow them to do their jobs better and communities would have more confidence in them, and in turn be more helpful in -- in applying the law. And, obviously, law enforcement's got a very tough job.

    So that's one area where I think there are a lot of resources and best practices that could be brought to bear, if state and local governments are receptive, and I think a lot of them would be. And let's figure out, are there ways for us to push out that kind of training.

    Along the same lines, I think it would be useful for us to examine some state and -- and local laws to see if it -- if they are designed in such a way that they may encourage the kinds of altercations and confrontations and tragedies that we saw in the Florida case, rather than diffuse potential altercations.

    I know that there's been commentary about the fact that the "Stand Your Ground" laws in Florida were not used as a defense in the case.

    On the other hand, if we're sending a message as a society in our communities that someone who is armed potentially has the right to use those firearms, even if there's a way for them to exit from a situation, is that really going to be contributing to the kind of peace and security and order that we'd like to see?

    And for those who -- who resist that idea, that we should think about something like these Stand Your Ground laws, I just ask people to consider, if Trayvon Martin was of age and armed, could he have stood his ground on that sidewalk? And do we actually think that he would have been justified in shooting Mr. Zimmerman, who had followed him in a car, because he felt threatened? And if the answer to that question is at least ambiguous, then it seems to me that we might want to examine those kinds of laws.

    Number three -- and this is a long-term project -- we need to spend some time in thinking about how do we bolster and reinforce our African-American boys? And this is something that Michelle and I talk a lot about. There are a lot of kids out there who need help, who are getting a lot of negative reinforcement. And is there more that we can do to give them the sense that their country cares about them, and values them, and is willing to invest in them?

    You know, I'm not naive about the prospects of some grand new federal program. I'm not sure that that's what we're talking about here. But I -- I do recognize that, as president, I've got some convening power. And there are a lot of good programs that are being done across the country on this front. And for us to be able to gather together business leaders and local elected officials and clergy and celebrities and athletes and figure out, how are we doing a better job helping young African-American men feel that they're a full part of this society and that -- and that they've got pathways and avenues to succeed? You know, I think that would be a pretty good outcome from what was, obviously, a tragic situation. And we're going to spend some time working on that and thinking about that.

    And then, finally, I think it's going to be important for all of us to do some soul-searching. You know, there's been talk about, should we convene a conversation on race? I haven't seen that be particularly productive when, you know, politicians try to organize conversations. They end up being stilted and politicized, and folks are locked into the positions they already have.

    On the other hand, in families and churches and workplaces, there's a possibility that people are a little bit more honest and at least you ask yourself your own questions about, am I wringing as much bias out of myself as I can? Am I judging people as much as I can based on not the color of their skin, but the content of their character? That would, I think, be an appropriate exercise in the wake of this tragedy.

    And let me just leave you with -- with the final thought that, as difficult and challenging as this whole episode has been for a lot of people, I don't want us to lose sight that things are getting better. Each successive generation seems to be making progress in changing attitudes when it comes to race. It doesn't mean we're in a post-racial society. It doesn't mean that racism is eliminated.

    But, you know, when I talk to Malia and Sasha and I listen to their friends and I see them interact, they're better than we are. They're better than we were on these issues. And that's true in every community that I've visited all across the country. And so, you know, we have to be vigilant. And we have to work on these issues. And those of us in authority should be doing everything we can to encourage the better angels of our -- nature as opposed to using these episodes to heighten divisions.

    But we should also have confidence that kids these days, I think, have more sense than we did back then and certainly more than our parents did or our grandparents did, and that along this long and difficult journey, you know, we're becoming a more perfect union, not a perfect union, but a more perfect union.

    All right?

    Thank you, guys.

    I think this is a landmark speech for several reasons:

    • He's trying to let people down gently that there can be no further federal investigation and prosection. It's done. There was no evidence of a race crime.
    • He's explaining the reason for the reaction by the African American community as few others can do (and sensibly, unlike the Sharpton et al). It's important that we understand the "why" in order to truly address issues and move beyond the he-did / they-did back and forth of accusations.
    • He's brought up the issues of why Africal American youths make up such a large proportion of both victims and perpetrators of crime compared to the percentage of the population. There are issues that need to be addressed and some tough questions asked of the society and upbringing that makes so many people chose lives of crime and violence.

    Hopefully, we can now talk about the real issues and not dwell forever on this case which was never what it was presented as. Perhaps Trayvons death will then end up serving a popsitive purpose after all and the dangerous witch-hunts of Zimmerman can be ended.

    I'm sure some will try to twist this into being "the black president" but it's more a unique opportunity to face important challenges because the president happens to be black and be able to talk about things in a sensible and reasonable way.

  • Simon

    Kind of off topic but I don't think you can compare Reagan's speech to Martin Luther King's. King's speech had incredible substance and was perfectly delivered at a pivotal moment in history. Reagans was just a political soundbite by an actor.

  • Simon

    It's a shame that the 'backlash' has already started with republicans already trying to turn this into "not taking our guns away".

    The issue of "stand your ground law" is a distraction from the real issue, perhaps intentionally. It's a silly law and doesn't help gun advocates at all but of course they cannot see that. I hope people don't forget why we need to have self defense laws but do agree that the stand your ground laws are dangerous. Neither affect whether people can or should be allowed to have guns though and turning things into yet another gun debate really does a disservice to the opportunity and the hour we find ourselves in.

  • designs

    The President's speech today was very positive in looking forward in this national discussion. He brought up his own daughters and their friends and how they see their world and how it has changed since he was their age. Congressman Kweisi Mfume brought up a similar outlook about his 6 sons who have gotten through college and started their own careers. People, young people especially, are advancing the social changes needed.

    A young man in my apprentice program just got word of being accepted into college and received his PELL Grants. He was a gang member and has the full body tattoos marking his former life. Smart, bright, I couldn't be prouder to know and work with him.

  • designs

    Fox News commentator Jamie Colby interviewed Robert Zimmerman today on the President's speech. Through seven questions meant to illicit a negative response from Robert on the President he did not take the bait from Colby but instead kept going back to the need for opportunity and mentorship as a way to make the future better for young people of all races.

  • Simon

    I agree - I think he said what he could while walking the difficult line of balancing his position as president, representing all Americans, with that of a very high profile member of the black community.

    He appears to be trying to reach out to everyone which has to be applauded. He said 'too much' when he just said Trayvon could have been his son. This time he said far more words but in a way that is harder to take issue with while alse being more comprehensive.

    He can't say any 'hard truths' to any group at this stage - hopefully a frank debate can be had though to address the serious issues that many recognise. Perhaps the misguided 'justice for Trayvon' energy can be refocused to bring meaningful change.

  • Simon

    I think Robert Zimmerman has been very eloquent, balanced and astute when talking to the media. It must be an incredibly difficult position for him and he does a good job not getting caught up in the damaging rhetoric that some press want to create more negativity and keep the story bleeding.

  • Violia

    There are so many young people from all races who are living in poverty in the USA. They do not get enough food and have no incentive to attend school. Their environment makes it difficult to get away from drugs and gangs. This is not a racial problem- it is a poverty and ignorance problem . I raised sons as a poor white myself. My sons got into the same problems that TM was getting into. There were many times we did not have enough food and the loving oversight of jws viewed them/us as bad association rather than assist them or all of us. I fought my way out of poverty and went to college. Both of my sons made it but not without a lot of scrapes and bruises. If we had had one ounce of the help that is poured out for the poor black teenage boys, well, it would have helped. I met some great cops and befriended one. . Some of them helped as much as they could.

    the president did not make it clear enough that this is not a black problem, it is a poverty and ignorance problem. Many of the boys in the reform type schools are poor white and Hispanic- not just black. A mentor can make a difference.

    Let it be on his hands if anyone is hurt as a result of what I feel were some careless words on his part-wprds that could incite riots. He could do so much more.
    A man like MLK is needed, when will he step up?

    It is not a black thing, it is a poverty and ignorance thing.

  • Simon

    While poverty plays a huge factor the statistics show that black youth make up a massively disproportionate number of both victims and offenders and given the recent media interest and claims of racism it seems a sensible and reasonable place to start.

  • Violia

    i think a great place to start is making sure all kids get at least 2 meals a day and have a youth center to turn to if home life is bad. We can fix this but it will require we all do something and not wait for others. I think GZ was trying so hard to help. He mentored kids.

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