Hmmm, try replacing "refuse" with "are loathe". It works perfectly and the damn kids don't know whether to cap ya or slap ya.Sure, it's easy if you cheat. You used two words.
Maybe "resist" would have been better than refuse. At least it's not as extreme. But I still don't think any of the terms are perfect. They might convey the semi-voluntary aspects (peer pressure, "checking out") but don't cover the involuntary hurdles (uninformed and/or unsympathetic education system).