i found out where it is ... (don't they have a cool flag?)
Geography and Climate
The Island is the summit of a submarine mountain. It rises steeply to a central plateau dominated by stands of rainforest. The plateau reaches heights of up to 361 metres and consists mainly of limestone with layers of volcanic rock.
The Island's 80 kilometre coastline is an almost continuous sea cliff, ranging in height to 20 metres. In a few places (about 13) breaks in the cliff give way to shallow bays and small sand and coral beaches. The largest of these bays forms the Island's port at Flying Fish Cove.
The Island is surrounded by an encircling coral reef. There is virtually no coastal shelf and the sea plummets to a depth of about 5 000 metres within 200 metres of the shore.
The climate is tropical and temperatures range from 21C to 32C. Humidity is around 80-90% and south-east trade winds provide pleasant weather for most of the year, although during the wet season, between November and April it is common for some storm activity to occur, producing a swell in seas around the island. The average rainfall is 2,000 mm per annum.
1 hour behind Western Standard Time (WST). 3 hours behind Eastern Standard Time (EST) eg. 9.00am EST is 6.00am on the Island. Add one hour for daylight saving eg. 9.00am EST is 5.00am on the Island.
Christmas Island was named on Christmas day 1643 by Captain William Mynors, the master of a passing ship. The first landing was recorded by William Dampier in 1688. For the next two centuries, little interest was shown in the island due to its rugged coastline.
Following the discovery of phosphate deposits, the island was annexed by Britain in 1888.
Christmas Island was occupied by Japanese forces from March 1942 until the end of the Second World War, and in 1946 became a dependency of Singapore.
By agreement with the United Kingdom, sovereignty was transferred to the Commonwealth of Australia on 1 October 1958 under the Christmas Island Act 1958.
The extensive phosphate deposits on Christmas Island have been mined for many years. The Phosphate Mining Corporation of Christmas Island ceased business in late 1987. The mine was reopened in 1990 by a local consortium and is now operated by Phosphate Resources Ltd (trading as Christmas Island Phosphates).