May I suggest googling two terms:
Accuracy of the Bible
There is also an interesting Major Hollywood Picture being released soon dealing with the nature of modern science here:
As far as understanding suffering, sin, evil, etc; I don't think anything makes sense until a person understands that we are not children of God, we are children of Adam like the bible says. God owes us nothing but judgement because he is just and we are not.
Since we are not in God's family, we are left to our own devices. We are a throw away world.... a total write off.