On the other hand I don’t think anyone earning minimum wage should pay a dime in income taxes.
Everyone should pay something in taxes, otherwise you get the situations where people don't want to work or earn more in order to avoid them.
They should always be progressive - if you earn more you will get more, even if the marginal tax rate you pay increases along the way.
Unless people have a stake in society, some investment in it, many don't seem willing to take part in society in the way they should.
People don't value things if everything is free to them. If they contribute, then they will feel differently about seeing things vandalized etc... and have more of an interest in what happens to their tax money.
The reason politicians don't want this is obvious - they would rather have the votes of the peasant and stupid class willing to give them up in exchange for free crumbs.
"take from the rich" really is a dated and failed financial policy although there needs to be greater controls to prevent the ultra-wealthy controlling the playing field to keep their wealth. For those who don't keep up with things, when you see a billionaire saying the wealthy should pay more taxes, that is their way of controlling the game and protecting their position.