I'll start with the first study article.
This study article deals with vows made to Jehovah. Three main vows are discussed.
1) Your dedication to Jehovah. We are told that it is not possible to claim
that our baptism was not valid
There is no way to undo a dedication vow, taking back what we promised God. If a person tires of serving Jehovah or of living a Christian way of life, he cannot claim that he was never really dedicated and that his baptism was invalid. To all intents and purposes, he presented himself as one who was wholly dedicated to God. He will be accountable before Jehovah and the congregation for any serious sins that he may commit. (Rom. 14:12) Considering the steps that the elders take to be sure that a person is qualified for baptism, it would be extremely rare for anyone’s baptism to be invalid.
Naturally Romans 14:12 talks about us being accountable to God. They do not quote any scripture that supports the idea that we are accountable to the congregation for serious sins committed. The text also explains that Elders are able to read minds in the majority of cases.
2)The marriage vow. We are once again told the only grounds for divorce
Jesus taught that the only Scriptural ground for dissolving a marriage vow is when an innocent mate chooses not to forgive an adulterous partner. (Matt 19:9
The Bible mentions nothing about not forgiving an adulterous partner, only that adultery is grounds for divorce.
They then discuss separation. However, they do not set the rules here since the Bible does not set the rules. Instead they tell us what some Christians personally decide are grounds.
The Bible does not set out grounds for marital separation. However, some married Christians have viewed certain situations as a reason for separation, such as the extreme endangerment of one’s life or spirituality by an abusive or apostate spouse.
By all appearances they seemed to have eased up about making rules about when separation could be considered. The Watchtower 1990 4/1 made it clear that there were rules.
And while there are extreme cases where divorce or separation might be allowed, the Bible says that in general the marriage bond is for life.
This may be the first time that they have mentioned that individuals separate due
to extreme endangerment of one’s
spirituality by an apostate spouse.
Given the number of JW that so
freely separate due to apostasy, there must be a lot of JWs who are so shaky and
vulnerable in regards to their spirituality.
This reflects very badly on the organization.
3)The vow of special full time servants. These slaves are reminded of their non biblical vow that they signed.
They are all bound by a “Vow of Obedience and Poverty,” with which they agree to do whatever is assigned to them in the advancement of Kingdom interests, to live a simple lifestyle, and to abstain from secular employment without permission. It is not the people but their assignments that are viewed as special.
Of course these slaves shouldn’t think of themselves as special, it is only their organizational work that is special.
Shockingly they claim that this vow (which clearly lists the legal entity under which the promise is made to) is not to this organization but it is to God.
The failure to keep one’s word to Jehovah and to pay a vow may have serious consequences.