"Also, there is the concept of 'ratification', which in essence means
that a person who, upon reaching the age of majority, abides by the
terms of a 'contract' that they entered as a minor, the terms of the
contract are upheld. This too has been used to weasel out of legal
wrangling related to the baptism of minor children."
This is why it is a captive religion, especially to those born in. A decision made as a child - in my case a few days after I turned 13, has to be upheld, because otherwise you lose everything and everyone if you choose to leave at any time, as a minor or adult. You have the choice to "ratify" or be shunned. That isn't really a choice. And that isn't even factoring the brainwashing, cognitive dissonance, lack of chance to develop critical thinking skills, inability to form outside social networks, depression, lack of self-esteem, guilt, PTSD...etc.
Unfortunately, I believe this has been brought before the courts in the US and upheld as valid on the side of JW's.