I've heard of phrases such as 'prose poetry' and 'iambic pentameter' before but I don't know what these and other phrases mean, no.
Iambic pentameter is something to do with 'five' (pentagon is a five-sided shape). That's the best I can do.
I've heard of 'prose' but I couldn't say exactly what it means.
I have reasonably good English skills. Alliteration comes fairly easily - 'flickering fire', 'whistling wind', etc.
I'm not sure if I'd be any good at poetry but I think I'd be good at writing headlines for downmarket newspapers.