Russia and China to Build a Huge New Port south of Vladivostock

by fulltimestudent 17 Replies latest social current

  • fulltimestudent


    Afp china russia to build seaport report

    Beijing (AFP) – China and Russia will build one of the largest ports in northeast Asia on Russia’s Sea of Japan coast, reports said, in a further sign of the powerhouses’ growing alliance.

    The seaport is expected to be able to handle some 60 million tonnes of cargo a year, China’s state-run People’s Daily Online reported late Wednesday — comparable to Britain’s busiest port Immingham or Le Havre in France, according to European Commission statistics.

    The new facility will be located in far eastern Russia, just 18 kilometres (11 miles) away from the Chinese border. The region is also close to North Korea.

    Chinese and Russian leaders inked a deal on the port at May’s Conference on Interaction and Confidence Building Measures in Asia (CICA) in Shanghai, the report said.

    The move represents the latest step by Beijing and Moscow to boost their energy and infrastructure ties.

    Resource-hungry China is seeking to diversify its sources of energy amid booming domestic consumption, while Russia — at odds with the West over its annexation of Ukraine’s Crimea peninsula — is seeking to refocus its gas and oil exports towards Asia.


    Last week, Russian President Vladimir Putin and Chinese Vice Premier Zhang Gaoli attended the groundbreaking of a gas pipeline that will help Russia supply China under a huge energy deal.

    After a decade of tough negotiations Chinese and Russian leaders inked a 30-year deal, $US400-billion agreement in May that will eventually involve 38 billion cubic metres of gas annually.

    “We are today starting the biggest construction project in the world,” Putin said at the ceremony outside the Siberian city of Yakutsk.

    Zhang said that he hoped the pipeline would be completed within four years.

    “China is to devote consistent and unswerving effort to establishing a strategic partnership of energy cooperation with Russia as agreed upon by the heads of state of the two countries,” he said, according to China’s official Xinhua news agency.


    Map showing location of Zarubino

  • fulltimestudent

    To see how much the world has changed, consider this list of the world's largest ports in 2012.

    In the top 20 sea ports, nine are in China. Only one is in the USA, and its arguable that LA Port owes its inclusion to the China trade

    Reference: World Shipping Council:


    Rank Port, Country Volume 2012 (Million TEUs) Volume 2011 (Million TEUS) Website


    Shanghai, China 32.53 31.74
    2 SIngapore,Singapore 31.65 29.94
    3 Hong Kong, China 23.10 24.38
    4 Shenzhen, China 22.94 22.57
    5 Busan, South Korea 17.04 16.18
    6 Ningbo-Zhoushan, China 16.83 14.72
    7 Guangzhou Harbor, China 14.74 14.42
    8 Qingdao, China 14.50 13.02
    9 Jebel Ali, Dubai, United Arab Emirates 13.30 13.00
    10 Tianjin, China 12.30 11.59
    11 Rotterdam, Netherlands 11.87 11.88
    12 Port Kelang, Malaysia 10.00 9.60
    13 Kaohsiung, Taiwan, China 9.78 9.64
    14 Hamburg, Germany 8.86 9.01
    15 Antwerp, Belguim 8.64 8.66
    16 Los Angeles, U.S.A. 8.08 7.94
    17 Dalian, China 8.06 6.40
    18 Keihin ports*, Japan 7.85 7.64
    19 Tanjung Pelepas, Malaysia 7.70 7.50
    20 Xiamen, China
  • fulltimestudent

    Chinese interests now extend further away from China.

    Chinese carrier Cosco is transforming Piraeus – and has eyes on Thessaloniki

    As PM begins official visit to Greece, interest in Mediterranean ports and China's increased presence will be at forefront of talksHelena Smith in Athens -, Friday 20 June 2014 00.33 AEST

    Chinese management skills and business activity also builds increased activity in other ports. For example, activity in the Greek port of Piraeus has tripled since Chinese giant Cosco bought half the management rights.

    Seated in his pristine office overlooking the port of Piraeus, Captain Fu Cheng Qiu sums up the magnitude of China's interest in Greece.

    "No other country in Europe offers such potential," he says as cranes in constant motion move containers from ship to dock outside. "We believe that Piraeus can be the biggest port in the Mediterranean and one of the most important distribution centres because it is the gateway to the Balkans and southern Europe."

    Five years ago, Fu's employer, the global shipping carrier Cosco, acquired the management rights of half of the port in a €500m (£400m) deal that has seen business activity triple. Under the Chinese company's watch, about 6,000 containers a day are transferred through the terminal with breathtaking efficiency. "It's a huge investment that is teaching us a lot about management skills in a foreign country," says Fu, who has overseen the remodelling and expansion of the piers now controlled by Cosco under the 35-year concession.

    As the Chinese premier, Li Keqiang, arrives to conduct an official three-day visit to Greece, it will be the success of China's state-run shipping group at the forefront of talks. With Beijing hoping to further cement its foothold in a country viewed as offering the easiest entrance to Europe commercially, Chinese officials are eager to replicate Cosco's business model elsewhere. "The Chinese and Greek economies are mutually complementary," Li wrote on Wednesday in the conservative daily Kathimerini. "Greece is accelerating privatisation and infrastructure construction. China will encourage its well-established enterprises to play an active part in this process."

    Already China has expressed interest in purchasing the port of Thessaloniki, Greece's state-run railway network and a majority stake in the other half of the port of Piraeus still under government control. All three are expected to be put to international tender as part of an asset-stripping drive aimed at trimming the twice-bailout country's monumental debt load. Rumours are swirling that Athens' international airport – and new international airport on Crete – will be added to the list.

    "China wants more cooperation with Greece in airport, rail, road and other infrastructure development," added Li, insisting that tourism would also become an important growth area. "In this fast-changing world, China and the EU, as the biggest developing country and the biggest bloc of developed countries in the world, share common interests and have a greater need for each other."

    The enthusiasm is echoed by Greek officials. Nearly five years into its worst economic crisis in living memory, Greece is thirsty for investment seeing it as the easiest way to offset an unemployment rate that at 26.7% remains the highest in the EU.

    "Cosco's presence in the port of Pireaus … has brought great benefits to the Greek public sector," the merchant marine minister Miltiades Varvitsiotis said last week as he dismissed suggestions that Beijing was exploiting Greece because of the bargain prices at which much of its infrastructure was being sold. "It has proved to be one of the most important and profitable investments to have to happened in a global harbour … and because of this we are trying every day to reinforce this relationship."

    For Spyros Mercouris, who is seen as the arbiter of improved cultural ties with China – the basis for the economic cooperation now taking root – that relationship is as much about the two nations shared sense of history as the very modern demands of globalisation.

    "There's a shared sense of belonging to ancient civilisations that has helped lay the foundations for what we are seeing now," says Mercouris who has organised several groundbreaking shows in China as Greece's pre-eminent curator of exhibitions. "It has helped cut the vast distance between the two countries."

    Cosco's presence has fast turned Greece into a portal through which Chinese products are daily passed into the European Union – a strategic plan that Beijing intends to take further with the expansion of processing rights enabling it to ship goods under EU label.

    With investors also poring in, the surge of interest has reanimated Athens' resident Chinese community. "Our phones are ringing off the hook," says Li Ang, who heads the capital's Greek-Chinese Commercial and Cultural Association. "Investors want to buy five-star hotels, wineries and olive oil companies … people who left with economic crisis are flooding back. Greece is a great place to do business in and the prices are very good."

  • fulltimestudent

    Some of the new ports that China is building are nominated as 'land ports.' These are built where China borders another country. As an example, along the southern border regions.

    Lhasa was connected into the Chinese rail network some years ago. That rail link is being extended to the second most important town in Tibet, Shigatse.


    lhasa railway

    Construction work on the Lhasa-Shigatse Railway.

    I understand there are 13 stations along the 250 km rail link, enabling faster access to Lhasa for the Tibetans living along the rail link. There are also plans for branch links to Gyirong a border town with Nepal (and, perhaps Yatung). A land port has already been built in Gyirong, and the Nepal government has expressed willingness to buy their energy requirements from China, if the rail link is completed. In any case trade between China's western provinces, and Nepal and India will be enhanced by these links for local Tibetans and for Chinese companies.

    A bird's-eye view of the Gyirong Port across the border between China and Nepal

    Gyirong Port across the border between China and Nepal. A town likely to grow quickly

    as local business people take advantage of new opportunities.

  • Jeannette

    Thank you very much, Full Time, for trying to educate me on this. It's the first time I've heard of it.

  • fulltimestudent

    And then ... there's the port for Colombo in Sri Llanka.

    From the Economist:

    China’s foreign ports
    The new masters and commanders
    China’s growing empire of ports abroad is mainly about trade, not aggression

    Jun 8th 2013 | COLOMBO |


    FROM the ground, Colombo’s port does not look like much. Those entering it are greeted by wire fences, walls dating back to colonial times and security posts. ...

    The old port is cramped and stuffed full of containers. To its left, a vast new breakwater curves into the ocean. Alongside it a Chinese ship has just delivered three giant Chinese cranes (see picture) to a new container terminal built by a Chinese company and run by an entity controlled by another Chinese firm. The terminal opens in July and will be complete in April 2014. The old port took centuries to reach its present capacity. China will have almost doubled it in under 30 months. Operated at full capacity, it would make Colombo one of the world’s 20 biggest container ports.

  • fulltimestudent

    The economist attempted to overview China's maritime in this map:

    Read the full report to understand the extent of Chinese interests. The link is in the previous post.

    The Economist concluded:

    Experiences elsewhere offer no clear-cut guide. After political tensions in the South China Sea, China Merchants has withdrawn from a port project in Vietnam. But Cosco’s Piraeus investment, once controversial, is a success, with profits rising and the firm winning plaudits for investing and creating jobs for Greeks.

    China’s port strategy is mainly motivated by commercial impulses. It is natural that a country of its clout has a global shipping and ports industry. But it could become a flashpoint for diplomatic tensions. That is the pessimistic view. The optimistic one is that the more it invests, the more incentive China has to rub along better with its trading partners. This, not deliberate expansionism, is what the locals are betting on in Colombo.

  • yadda yadda 2
    yadda yadda 2

    Two northern communist and atheist totalitarian regimes that dislike JW's and religion in general collaborating.

    From a JW perspective, you've got to put your money on these two eventually (in a few decades) becoming a new duel world power the eclipses the USA becoming the 'King of the North'!!?

  • fulltimestudent

    Neither contemporary Russia or China can be described as 'communist and atheist.' To say that they are is quite simplistic.

    And, to describe China as 'northern,' in relation to Palestine is a sign of a geographically disoriented mind.

  • fulltimestudent

    Malaysia also joins hands with the Chinese economy:

    China, Malaysia join hands in port partnership

    (Xinhua) Updated: 2014-09-15 16:26
    NANNING -- China has signed an agreement with Malaysia to establish a sister port partnership between two major shipping cities as the two countries seeks to rejuvenate the ancient maritime Silk Road.

    The Qinzhou Port in South China's Guangxi Zhuang autonomous region has become a sisterport of Kuantan, a port city in Malaysia, following an agreement sig-ned in Nanning city, capital of Guangxi on Monday.

    Taking immediate effect, the two ports will cooperate in various fields including sharedshipping lanes, logistics, information exchange and talent training, said Li Xinyuan, mayor of Qinzhou city.

    The sister partnership between the two ports is part of a plan to establish a network of cooperation among port cities in ASEAN members, Li said.

    The two port cities have close economic and trade relationships. China and Malaysia have been constructing sister industrial parks in Qinzhou and Kuantan respectively since 2011.

    Building sister industrial parks is regarded as an innovative experiment by China andMalaysia in rebuilding the maritime Silk Road.


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