In trying to explain to someone on another site how to do an academic publication search, I came across the following related to JWs. Thought y'all might be interested:
Note: TI is title (of book, article), AB is abstract (short description of article)
TI: Juggling law, ethics, and intuition: practical answers to awkward questions
SO: Journal of Medical Ethics v 29 no5 Oct 2003. p. 281-6
AB: The eclectic problem solving methodology used by the British Medical Association (BMA) is described in this paper. It has grown from the daily need to respond to doctors' practical queries and incorporates reference to law, traditional professional codes, and established BMA policies--all of which must be regularly assessed against the benchmark of contemporary societal expectations. The two Jehovah's Witness scenarios are analysed, using this methodology and in both cases the four principles solution is found to concur with that of the BMA's approach. The author's overall conclusion is that although the BMA resorts to a lengthier list of things to consider, the solutions that emerge are often likely to coincide with the four principles approach. Reprinted by permission of the publisher.
TI: Methods and principles in biomedical ethics
SO: Journal of Medical Ethics v 29 no5 Oct 2003. p. 269-74
AB: The four principles approach to medical ethics plus specification is used in this paper. Specification is defined as a process of reducing the indeterminateness of general norms to give them increased action guiding capacity, while retaining the moral commitments in the original norm. Since questions of method are central to the symposium, the paper begins with four observations about method in moral reasoning and case analysis. Three of the four scenarios are dealt with. It is concluded in the "standard" Jehovah's Witness case that having autonomously chosen the authority of his religious institution, a Jehovah's Witness has a reasonable basis on which to refuse a recommended blood transfusion. The author's view of the child of a Jehovah's Witness scenario is that it is morally required--not merely permitted--to overrule this parental refusal of treatment. It is argued in the selling kidneys for transplantation scenario that a fair system of regulating and monitoring would be better than the present system which the author believes to be a shameful failure. Reprinted by permission of the publisher. Note: TI is title (of book, article), AB is abstract (short description of article)
TI: Why some Jehovah's Witnesses accept blood and conscientiously reject official Watchtower Society blood policy
OT: Augmented title: comment on D. Malyon and on D. T. Ridley
SO: Journal of Medical Ethics v 26 no5 Oct 2000. p. 375-80
AB: In their responses to Dr Osamu Muramoto (hereafter Muramoto) Watchtower Society (hereafter WTS) spokesmen David Malyon and Donald Ridley (hereafter Malyon and Ridley), deny many of the criticisms levelled against WTS by Muramoto. In this paper I argue as a Jehovah's Witness (hereafter JW) and on behalf of the members of AJWRB that there is no biblical basis for the WTS's partial ban on blood and that this dissenting theological view should be made clear to all JW patients who reject blood on religious grounds. Such patients should be guaranteed confidentiality should they accept whole blood or components that are banned by the WTS. I argue against Malyon's and Ridley's claim that WTS policy allows freedom of conscience to individual JWs and that it is non-coercive and non-punitive in dealing with conscientious dissent and I challenge the notion that there is monolithic support of the WTS blood policy among those who identify themselves as JWs and carry the WTS "advance directive".
TI: When religion collides with medicine
OT: Augmented title: clinical case conference
SO: The American Journal of Psychiatry v 156 no2 Feb 1999. p. 304-7
AB: A clinical case conference is presented to discuss the psychological, sociological, and ethical repercussions that ensue when a patient's religious beliefs cause them to refuse life- or limb-saving medical treatment. A female Jehovah's Witness patient with an internal hemorrhage died because she and her family refused blood transfusions, which were prohibited by their religious beliefs.