Just happened to get my hands of a scientific report that might interest some of us with relatives who suffer for cognitive dissonance. Article is published In Natural Scientific report Nr. 2016 No. 39589. Writers are Jona T Kaplan Sara Gimbal and Sam Harris, and the abstract says
When the Brain Won't Change Its Mind
Neural correlates of maintaining one’s political beliefs in the face of counterevidence
People often discount evidence that contradicts their firmly held beliefs. However, little is known about the neural mechanisms that govern this behavior. We used neuroimaging to investigate the neural systems involved in maintaining belief in the face of counterevidence, presenting 40 liberals with arguments that contradicted their strongly held political and non-political views. Challenges to political beliefs produced increased activity in the default mode network—a set of interconnected structures associated with self-representation and disengagement from the external world. Trials with greater belief resistance showed increased response in the dorsomedial prefrontal cortex and decreased activity in the orbitofrontal cortex. We also found that participants who changed their minds more showed less BOLD signal in the insula and the amygdala when evaluating counterevidence. These results highlight the role of emotion in belief-change resistance and offer insight into the neural systems involved in belief maintenance, motivated reasoning, and related phenomena.
Good luch with reading it....