Construction workers in Jerusalem have uncovered an inscription that recalls the era when Jerusalem could be described as a Christian city.
Why? We usually think of Jerusalem as a Jewish city, but following the first Roman war against the Jews and the destruction of the city in 70 CE, the city lay in ruins, as described by Josephus:
"Jerusalem ... was so thoroughly razed to the ground by those that demolished it to its foundations, that nothing was left that could ever persuade visitors that it had once been a place of habitation."
Then came the second Jewish revolt, led by Bar Kokhba in the years 132-136 CE, The Emperor Hadrian was going to re-build the city as a (conciliatory?) gift to the Jews, but was counselled not to do that as it may encourage another rebellion, So Hadrian rebuilt the city as a Roman colony and named it Aelia Capitolina.
This map is believed to show the city around the early 6th century.
The Madaba Map depiction of 6th-century Jerusalem has the Cardo Maximus, the town’s main street, beginning at the northern gate, today's Damascus Gate, and traversing the city in a straight line from north to south to "Nea Church"
Jews were forbidden to enter the new city (except for one day a year). If they did they could be executed. Temples for the worship of Roman Gods were built. When the Emperor Constantine began to tolerate Christianity, a number of churches were built in the city. All the burial remains in the city in this period are Christian, suggesting that the city had become a Christian city. Which brings us to this discovered inscription: Here's an image of it.
Translated to English it reads:
"The most pious Roman emperor Flavius Justinian and the most God-loving priest and abbot, Constantine, erected the building in which (this mosaic) sat during the 14th indiction."
Dated by archaeologists to 550-551 CE, it is likely that it was associated with the Nea Church that Justinian ordered to be built in 543 CE.
More information in this ABC (Australia) coverage:
However just as YHWH was not powerful enough to prevent the Romans destroying Jerusalem, neither was Jesus powerful enough to prevent Sasanian (Iranian) forces from conquering the city in 614 with the aid of the Jews, who then massacred tens of thousands of Christians and destroyed Christian churches.
In 629, the Byzantian Emperor Heraclius, re-conquered the city and the Byzantians were able to manage to hold the city until the flood tide of Arab armies captured the city and it became an Arabic.Muslim city.