The discrepancy was noted by one Otto Absetz, who is not a JW. Otto opposes militarism in all its forms and In March 2014 he was sentenced to "home detention" for 173 days for "refusal of civilian service". His refusal was based on the fact that the current Finnish
legislation on conscription is discriminatory, and treats people differently,
according to their sex and religion (Jehovah's Witnesses are exempt in peacetime). He breached his conditions and in 2015 was sentenced to serve the rest of the sentence in prison. He appealed against this on grounds of discrimination but began his sentence on 30 August 2016.
On 23 February 2018 the Helsinki Court of Appeal voted 4-3 that the policy
allowing male Jehovah's Witnesses to avoid conscription was discriminatory against other conscientious objectors. As a result of this ruling the Ministry of Defence is reviewing the legislation.