How The Bible Was Invented- 7.A Royal Marriage - Ahab and Jezebel (Psalm 45)

by HowTheBibleWasCreated 7 Replies latest watchtower bible

  • HowTheBibleWasCreated

    Just to recap .
    1. The House of Omri establishes the first kingdom of Israel after overthrowing Zimri.
    2. Omri expands his Kingdom and builds a new capital at Samaria.
    3. Omri dies and his son Ahab rules.

    Ahab likely had many wives. However examining the Psalms we find a curious wedding hymn in Psalm 45.
    Before dealing with the Psalm we need to know where it was written and who it was written for. Lets examine 1 Kings 16 first.

    16:30Ahab the son of Omri did that
    which was evil in the sight of Yahweh above all that were before him.
    16:31It happened, as if it
    had been a light thing for him to walk in the
    sins of Jeroboam the son of Nebat,

    that he took

    as wife Jezebel the daughter of Ethbaal king of
    the Sidonians, and went and served Baal, and
    worshiped him. 16:32He reared up an altar for
    Baal in the house of Baal, which he had built
    in Samaria.

    Ahab did yet more to provoke Yahweh, the God
    of Israel, to anger than all the kings of Israel
    who were before him.

    A quick examination of the name of Jezebel and that of her father Ethbaal reveals quickly which deity they worshipped. The text (although written hundreds of years later) likely perserves the truth in that Ahab, likely a Yahweh worshipper in battle, made a special altar and temple for Baal to please his wife and likely to gain favor from more then one deity.

    Indeed El was still the head god for these people.

    What does this have to do with Psalm 45?

    Pslam 45 ONLY mentions Northern locations and more specifically areas on the Israel/Syria/Sidion border. Not only that, the description of the King given is that of a king geared for war.

    Ahab fought many wars with Syria accorsding to archeology and biblical texts.

    Lets examine the text of the hymn:

    1My heart overflows with a noble theme.
    I recite my verses for the king.
    My tongue is like the pen of a skillful

    This is a scribe or a hired musician.

    2You are the most excellent of the sons of men.
    Grace has anointed your lips,
    therefore El has blessed you forever.

    Introduction of the groom.

    3Strap your sword on your thigh, mighty one:
    your splendor and your majesty.
    4In your majesty ride on victoriously on behalf
    of truth, humility, and righteousness.
    Let your right hand display awesome
    5Your arrows are sharp.
    The nations fall under you, with arrows
    in the heart of the king’s enemies.

    A warrior king but a wise one.Indeed Ahab's rules was extremly prosperous.

    6Your throne, El, is forever and ever.
    A scepter of equity is the scepter of your

    A praise for El.

    7You have loved righteousness, and hated
    Therefore El;, your God, has anointed
    you with the oil of gladness above
    your fellows.
    8All your garments smell like myrrh, aloes, and
    Out of ivory palaces stringed instruments
    have made you glad.

    The description here matches the Omrite palace in Samaria according to archeology. Now for Jezebel-The Bride>>

    9Kings’ daughters are among your honorable
    At your right hand the queen stands in
    gold of Ophir.
    10Listen, daughter, consider, and turn your ear.
    Forget your own people, and also your
    father’s house.
    11So the king will desire your beauty,
    honor him, for he is your lord.

    Sound like a princess from Sidon? Listen to the next line>>>

    12The daughter of Tyre comes with a gift.
    The rich among the people entreat your
    13The princess inside is all glorious.
    Her clothing is interwoven with gold.
    14She shall be led to the king in embroidered
    The virgins, her companions who follow
    her, shall be brought to you.
    15With gladness and rejoicing they shall be led.
    They shall enter into the king’s palace.

    The last lines are a blessing on children.

    16Your sons will take the place of your fathers.
    You shall make them princes in all the

    The last lines are praising El.

    17I will make your name to be remembered in
    all generations.
    Therefore the peoples shall give you
    thanks forever and ever.

    Jezebel and Ahab would have several sons and at least one daughter.

    It is at this point we must consider a small but growing people to the south of Israel in a semi-arid highland. These were a curious people and their true origins have been debated. By Ahab's time these people have formed a stablized society, though not yet a kingdom.
    Ahab's and Jezebel's daughter would form a marriage alliance with this house.

    Before we deal with that marriage be must discuss the origins of these people. (It it rather shocking to some)
    The Tribe of Judah will be the next topic.

  • Crazyguy

    In my studies I don't think the northern tribes before the destruction by Assyria, real Israel, really ever worshiped Yahweh. I believe and so do many scholars that the judeans are the ones that took on Yahweh worship and invented the kingdom of David and Solomon to compete with the real dynasty of Omri. Keep up the good work, there is so much we didn't know as JW's.

  • HowTheBibleWasCreated

    Crazy Thanks. I think they actually did worship Yahweh for the reason of the names of Ahab's children:

    Jehoram, Ahaziah, Ataliah . All those names contain Yahweh's name. However I think (given the Pslam and the connection of Jezebel to Baal) we can assume El and Baal were the primary gods of their house. Yahweh was a war god and only worshipped in battle is my idea.

    Just my thoughts.

    I'll deal with Judah and the House of David next

  • HowTheBibleWasCreated

    One thing I need to mention on here:

    The WT article on this (Ps 45) a few months ago was utter crap and 100% out of context

  • Crazyguy

    There has been some who state that the names with iah are attributed to the worship of the moon god. Anyway I just finished a book were some of the top experts were comenting and one thought that came out was that all the civilizations of the time had a top god, thier own god, god of thier own territory. The thought is before the Babylonian captivity most Hebrews worshiped gods of the Ugarit pantheon, El, Asherah, Baal etc but during the captivity the Priestly class of the Hebrews that had lived in and around Jerusalem started pushing thier territorial god, the war god from mt Sinai Yahweh. Others believe this god the Hebrews was Yamm, who was a son of El and in opposition to Baal.

    There is evidence for both ideas, there is also evidence that indeed they did also worship a moon god. My research tells me so far that they the Hebrews were canaanites who migrated south from the north and took thier gods with them and were monotheistic. After the Babylonian capture the priestly class of jerusalem started writing a identity to try to hold together the culture of the Jews and chose a God for themselves and took many writings of other cultures as thier own. Made up the royal house of David etc. And then in an attempt to make thier god stick as well as thier power they blasted other gods and thier god of course took on the powers of these other gods.

  • Crazyguy

    One other thing we have to be careful when attributing a spelling of a name to the god named Yahweh because in all reality this name did not exist. The only name we have for sure is yhwh or yhvh, and nobodys for sure this is even a name, some think this is a title for a family or pantheon of gods. Remember the word most used in the bible when talking about god is the word elohim which means gods, not god. There is some evidence of a god that had a consort with a name Yw and another possible spelling yhw, but its hard to come up with much based on this as to what his name really was.

  • metatron

    A Suggestion:

    Do an analysis of names in Bible accounts - I have not been able to find a well-researched article on this subject.

    Why am I interested? Well, do we really think there was a guy named "man of shame" or "foolish" ( David and Abigail) ? Why would an Israelite name his son after an unclean animal? ("Dog").

    The goofiness of names in the OT suggests that we are reading a story, a moral lesson rather than history.


  • HowTheBibleWasCreated

    Crazy could you show me a link to research on the theories you provided?

    Keep in mind my book is in drafts. I have only speculated the research I have seen so far which in this case in mostly Finkelstien and Dever.

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