Its an interesting battle again. The Nations were moved to what was thought to be some of the worst land in the Country. Then they found Gold, Silver, Rare Earth, Oil, Uranium, Natural Gas etc. on the Reservations.
Education for the young, good technical traning in schools and colleges is the way out of poverty. Many of the Nations are negotiating for long term contracts on the royalties from their natural resources and many are allowing Renewable energy Wind and Solar farms to be built on their lands. I visited a couple near Ponopah and Shoshone, pretty impressive.
If you are going to allocate $60 billion for a war in Afganistan, could you make do on $57 Billion and honor a Treaty from 150 years ago?