Here's the Project: The part in YELLOW is the part I'm not able to understand...
ALLIED FOOD PRODUCTS
11-12 Capital Budgeting and Cash Flow Estimation After
seeing Snapple’s success with noncola soft drinks and learning
of Coke’s and Pepsi’s interest, Allied Food Products has
decided to consider an expansion of its own in the fruit juice
business. The product being considered is fresh lemon juice.
Assume that you were recently hired as assistant to the director
of capital budgeting, and you must evaluate the new
The lemon juice would be produced in an unused building
adjacent to Allied’s Fort Myers plant; Allied owns the
building, which is fully depreciated. The required equipment
would cost $200,000, plus an additional $40,000 for
shipping and installation. In addition, inventories would rise
by $25,000, while accounts payable would go up by $5,000.
All of these costs would be incurred at t 0. By a special
ruling, the machinery could be depreciated under the
MACRS system as 3-year property. The applicable depreciation
rates are 33%, 45%, 15%, and 7%.
The project is expected to operate for 4 years, at which
time it will be terminated. The cash inflows are assumed to
begin 1 year after the project is undertaken, or at t 1, and to
continue out to t 4. At the end of the project’s life (t 4),
the equipment is expected to have a salvage value of $25,000.
Unit sales are expected to total 100,000 cans per year, and
the expected sales price is $2.00 per can. Cash operating costs
for the project (total operating costs less depreciation) are
expected to total 60 percent of dollar sales. Allied’s tax rate is
40 percent, and its weighted average cost of capital is 10 percent.
Tentatively, the lemon juice project is assumed to be of
equal risk to Allied’s other assets.
You have been asked to evaluate the projects and to make
a recommendation as to whether it should be accepted or rejected.
To guide you in your analysis, your boss gave you the
following set of questions.
a. Draw a time line that shows when the net cash inflows
and outflows will occur, and explain how the time line
can be used to help structure the analysis.
b. Allied has a standard form that is used in the capital budgeting
process; see Table IC11-1. Part of the table has been
completed, but you must replace the blanks with the missing
numbers. Complete the table in the following steps:
(1) Fill in the blanks under Year 0 for the initial investment
(2) Complete the table for unit sales, sales price, total
revenues, and operating costs excluding depreciation.
(3) Complete the depreciation data.
(4) Now complete the table down to operating income
after taxes, and then down to net cash flows.
(5) Now fill in the blanks under Year 4 for the terminal
cash flows, and complete the net cash flow line. Discuss
net operating working capital. What would have
happened if the machinery were sold for less than its
c. (1) Allied uses debt in its capital structure, so some of the
money used to finance the project will be debt. Given
this fact, should the projected cash flows be revised to
show projected interest charges? Explain.
(2) Suppose you learned that Allied had spent $50,000 to
renovate the building last year, expensing these costs.
Should this cost be reflected in the analysis? Explain.
(3) Now suppose you learned that Allied could lease its
building to another party and earn $25,000 per year.
Should that fact be reflected in the analysis? If so, how?
(4) Now assume that the lemon juice project would take
away profitable sales from Allied’s fresh orange juice
business. Should that fact be reflected in your analysis?
If so, how?
d. Disregard all the assumptions made in part c, and assume
there was no alternative use for the building over the next
4 years. Now calculate the project’s NPV, IRR, MIRR,
and regular payback. Do these indicators suggest that the
project should be accepted?
Here's the completed project that I've got so far
TABLE IC11-1. ALLIED’S LEMON JUICE PROJECT
(TOTAL COST IN THOUSANDS)
END OF YEAR: 0 1 2 3 4
I. INVESTMENT OUTLAY
EQUIPMENT COST ($200)
INCREASE IN INVENTORY (25)
INCREASE IN ACCOUNTS PAYABLE 5
TOTAL NET INVESTMENT (260)
II. OPERATING CASH FLOWS
UNIT SALES (THOUSANDS) 100 100 100 100
PRICE/UNIT $ 2.00 $ 2.00 $ 2.00 $ 2.00
TOTAL REVENUES $200.0 $200.0 $200.0 $200.0
EXCLUDING DEPRECIATION $120.0 $120.0 $120.0 $120.0
DEPRECIATION 79.2 108.0 36.0 16.8
TOTAL COSTS $199.2 $228.0 $156.0 $136.8
OPERATING INCOME BEFORE TAXES $ 0.8 ($ 28.0) $ 44.0 $ 63.2
TAXES ON OPERATING INCOME 0.3 (11.2) 17.6 25.3
OPERATING INCOME AFTER TAXES $ 0.5 ($ 16.8) $ 26.4 $ 37.9
DEPRECIATION 79.2 108.0 36.0 16.8
OPERATING CASH FLOW $ 0.0 $ 79.7 $ 91.2 $ 62.4 $ 54.7
III. TERMINAL YEAR CASH FLOWS
RETURN OF NET OPERATING WORKING CAPITAL 20.0
SALVAGE VALUE 25.0
TAX ON SALVAGE VALUE (10.0)
TOTAL TERMINATION CASH FLOWS $ 35.0
IV. NET CASH FLOWS
NET CASH FLOW ($260.0) $ 79.7 $ 91.2 $ 62.4 $ 89.7
V. RESULTS (Question d.)
Can anyone help me understand this last part?