The reading this week is Ezra chapters 6 - 10.
This is the last week in Ezra. Next week we start Nehemiah.
I found nothing highlightable in this weeks reading. If you have any comments please share.
The reading this week is Ezra chapters 6 - 10.
This is the last week in Ezra. Next week we start Nehemiah.
I found nothing highlightable in this weeks reading. If you have any comments please share.
There is actually a lot of disagreement about this section of Ezra/Nehemiah. The order of the narrative has been garbled through redaction and dislocation. Do a google.
6 It was then that Da·ri´us the king put an order through, and they made an investigation in the house of the records of the treasures deposited there in Babylon. 2 And at Ec·bat´a·na, in the fortified place that was in the jurisdictional district of Me´di·a, there was found a scroll, and the memorandum to this effect was written within it:
3"In the first year of Cyrus the king, Cyrus the king put an order through concerning the house of God in Jerusalem: Let the house be rebuilt as the place where they are to offer sacrifices, and its foundations are to be fixed, its height being sixty cubits, its width sixty cubits, 4 with three layers of stones rolled [into place] and one layer of timbers; and let the expense be given from the king’s house. 5 And also let the gold and silver vessels of the house of God that Neb·u·chad·nez´zar took out of the temple that was in Jerusalem and brought to Babylon be returned, that they may reach the temple that is in Jerusalem at its place and be deposited in the house of God.
6"Now Tat´te·nai the governor beyond the River, She´thar-boz´e·nai and their colleagues, the lesser governors that are beyond the River, keep YOUR distance from there. 7 Let the work on that house of God alone. The governor of the Jews and the older men of the Jews will rebuild that house of God upon its place. 8 And by me an order has been put through as to what YOU will do with these older men of the Jews, for rebuilding that house of God; and from the royal treasury of the tax beyond the River the expense will promptly be given to these able-bodied men without cessation. 9 And what is needed, young bulls as well as rams and lambs for the burnt offerings to the God of heaven, wheat, salt, wine and oil, just as the priests that are in Jerusalem say, let there be given them continually day by day without fail; 10 that they may continually be presenting soothing offerings to the God of the heavens and praying for the life of the king and his sons. 11 And by me an order has been put through that, as for anybody that violates this decree, a timber will be pulled out of his house and he will be impaled upon it, and his house will be turned into a public privy on this account. 12 And may the God who has caused his name to reside there overthrow any king and people that thrusts his hand out to commit a violation and destroy that house of God, which is in Jerusalem. I, Da·ri´us, do put through an order. Let it be done promptly."
13Then Tat´te·nai the governor beyond the River, She´thar-boz´e·nai and their colleagues, just as Da·ri´us the king had sent [word], so they did promptly. 14 And the older men of the Jews were building and making progress under the prophesying of Hag´gai the prophet and Zech·a·ri´ah the grandson of Id´do, and they built and finished [it] due to the order of the God of Israel and due to the order of Cyrus and Da·ri´us and Ar·ta·xerx´es the king of Persia. 15 And they completed this house by the third day of the lunar month A´dar, that is, in the sixth year of the reign of Da·ri´us the king.
16And the sons of Israel, the priests and the Levites and the rest of the former exiles held the inauguration of this house of God with joy. 17 And they presented for the inauguration of this house of God a hundred bulls, two hundred rams, four hundred lambs, and as a sin offering for all Israel twelve male goats, according to the number of the tribes of Israel. 18 And they appointed the priests in their classes and the Levites in their divisions, for the service of God which is in Jerusalem, according to the prescription of the book of Moses.
19And the former exiles proceeded to hold the passover on the fourteenth [day] of the first month. 20 As the priests and the Levites had cleansed themselves as one group, they were all of them clean, and so they slaughtered the passover victim for all the former exiles and for their brothers the priests and for themselves. 21 Then the sons of Israel that had returned from the Exile ate, and everyone that had separated himself to them from the uncleanness of the nations of the land, to search for Jehovah the God of Israel. 22 And they went on to hold the festival of unfermented cakes seven days with rejoicing; for Jehovah caused them to rejoice, and he had turned the heart of the king of As·syr´i·a around toward them to strengthen their hands in the work of the house of the [true] God, the God of Israel.
7And after these things in the reign of Ar·ta·xerx´es the king of Persia, Ez´ra the son of Se·rai´ah the son of Az·a·ri´ah the son of Hil·ki´ah 2 the son of Shal´lum the son of Za´dok the son of A·hi´tub 3 the son of Am·a·ri´ah the son of Az·a·ri´ah the son of Me·ra´ioth 4 the son of Zer·a·hi´ah the son of Uz´zi the son of Buk´ki 5 the son of Ab·i·shu´a the son of Phin´e·has the son of El·e·a´zar the son of Aaron the chief priest— 6 the said Ez´ra himself went up from Babylon; and he was a skilled copyist in the law of Moses, which Jehovah the God of Israel had given, so that the king granted him, according to the hand of Jehovah his God upon him, all his request.
7Consequently some of the sons of Israel and of the priests and the Levites and the singers and the gatekeepers and the Neth´i·nim went up to Jerusalem in the seventh year of Ar·ta·xerx´es the king. 8 At length he came to Jerusalem in the fifth month, that is, in the seventh year of the king. 9 For on the first [day] of the first month he himself appointed the going up from Babylon, and on the first [day] of the fifth month he came to Jerusalem, according to the good hand of his God upon him. 10 For Ez´ra himself had prepared his heart to consult the law of Jehovah and to do [it] and to teach in Israel regulation and justice.
11And this is a copy of the letter that King Ar·ta·xerx´es gave Ez´ra the priest the copyist, a copyist of the words of the commandments of Jehovah and of his regulations toward Israel:
12"Ar·ta·xerx´es, the king of kings, to Ez´ra the priest, the copyist of the law of the God of the heavens: [Peace] be perfected. And now 13 by me an order has been put through that everyone in my realm of the people of Israel and their priests and Levites that is willing to go to Jerusalem with you should go. 14 Inasmuch as from before the king and his seven counselors [an order] was sent to investigate concerning Judah and Jerusalem in the law of your God that is in your hand, 15 and to bring the silver and the gold that the king and his counselors have voluntarily given to the God of Israel, whose residence is in Jerusalem, 16 with all the silver and the gold that you find in all the jurisdictional district of Babylon along with the gift of the people and the priests who are voluntarily giving to the house of their God, which is in Jerusalem; 17 accordingly you will promptly buy with this money bulls, rams, lambs and their grain offerings and their drink offerings and you will present them upon the altar of the house of YOUR God, which is in Jerusalem.
18"And whatever it seems good to you and to your brothers to do with the rest of the silver and gold, according to the will of YOUR God, YOU men will do. 19 And the vessels that are being given to you for the service of the house of your God deliver in full before God at Jerusalem. 20 And the rest of the necessities of the house of your God that it devolves upon you to give, you will give out of the king’s house of treasures.
21"And by me myself, Ar·ta·xerx´es the king, an order has been put through to all the treasurers that are beyond the River, that everything that Ez´ra the priest, the copyist of the law of the God of the heavens, requests of YOU men it will be done promptly, 22 even to a hundred talents of silver and a hundred cor measures of wheat and a hundred bath measures of wine and a hundred bath measures of oil, and salt without limit. 23 Let all that is by the order of the God of the heavens be done with zeal for the house of the God of the heavens, that there may occur no wrath against the king’s realm and his sons. 24 And to YOU men it is being made known that, as respects any of the priests and the Levites, the musicians, the doorkeepers, the Neth´i·nim, and the workers of this house of God, no tax, tribute or toll is allowed to be imposed upon them.
25"And you, Ez´ra, according to the wisdom of your God that is in your hand appoint magistrates and judges that they may continually judge all the people that are beyond the River, even all those knowing the laws of your God; and anyone that has not known [them] YOU men will instruct. 26 And as for everyone that does not become a doer of the law of your God and the law of the king, let judgment be promptly executed upon him, whether for death or for banishment, or for money fine or for imprisonment."
27Blessed be Jehovah the God of our forefathers, who has put such a thing into the heart of the king, to beautify the house of Jehovah, which is in Jerusalem! 28 And toward me he has extended loving-kindness before the king and his counselors and as respects all the mighty princes of the king. And I, for my part, strengthened myself according to the hand of Jehovah my God upon me, and I proceeded to collect out of Israel the head ones to go up with me.
8Now these were the heads of their paternal houses and the genealogical enrollment of those going up with me during the reign of Ar·ta·xerx´es the king out of Babylon: 2 Of the sons of Phin´e·has, Ger´shom; of the sons of Ith´a·mar, Daniel; of the sons of David, Hat´tush; 3 of the sons of Shec·a·ni´ah, of the sons of Pa´rosh, Zech·a·ri´ah, and with him there was an enrollment of a hundred and fifty males; 4 of the sons of Pa´hath-mo´ab, El´ie·ho-e´nai the son of Zer·a·hi´ah, and with him two hundred males; 5 of the sons [of Zat´tu], Shec·a·ni´ah the son of Ja·ha·zi´el, and with him three hundred males; 6 and of the sons of A´din, E´bed the son of Jon´a·than, and with him fifty males; 7 and of the sons of E´lam, Je·sha´iah the son of Ath·a·li´ah, and with him seventy males; 8 and of the sons of Sheph·a·ti´ah, Zeb·a·di´ah the son of Mi´cha·el, and with him eighty males; 9 of the sons of Jo´ab, O·ba·di´ah the son of Je·hi´el, and with him two hundred and eighteen males; 10 and of the sons of [Ba´ni], She·lo´mith the son of Jo·si·phi´ah, and with him a hundred and sixty males; 11 and of the sons of Be´bai, Zech·a·ri´ah the son of Be´bai, and with him twenty-eight males; 12 and of the sons of Az´gad, Jo·ha´nan the son of Hak´ka·tan, and with him a hundred and ten males; 13 and of the sons of Ad·o·ni´kam, those who were the last, and these were their names: E·liph´e·let, Je·i´el and She·mai´ah, and with them sixty males; 14 and of the sons of Big´vai, U´thai and Zab´bud, and with them seventy males.
15And I proceeded to collect them at the river that comes to A·ha´va; and we kept encamped there three days, that I might scrutinize the people and the priests, but none of the sons of Le´vi did I find there. 16 Accordingly I sent for E·li·e´zer, Ar´i·el, She·mai´ah and El·na´than and Ja´rib and El·na´than and Nathan and Zech·a·ri´ah and Me·shul´lam, head ones, and for Joi´a·rib and El·na´than, instructors. 17 Then I gave them a command concerning Id´do the head one in the place Ca·si·phi´a, and I put in their mouth words to speak to Id´do [and] his brothers the Neth´i·nim in the place Ca·si·phi´a, to bring to us ministers for the house of our God. 18 So they brought to us, according to the good hand of our God upon us, a man of discretion from the sons of Mah´li the grandson of Le´vi the son of Israel, namely, She·re·bi´ah and his sons and his brothers, eighteen; 19 and Hash·a·bi´ah and with him Je·sha´iah from the sons of Me·rar´i, his brothers, and their sons, twenty. 20 And from the Neth´i·nim, whom David and the princes gave to the service of the Levites, two hundred and twenty Neth´i·nim, all of whom had been designated by [their] names.
21Then I proclaimed a fast there at the river A·ha´va, to humble ourselves before our God, to seek from him the right way for us and for our little ones and for all our goods. 22 For I felt ashamed to ask a military force and horsemen from the king to help us against the enemy in the way, because we had said to the king: "The hand of our God is over all those seeking him for good, but his strength and his anger are against all those leaving him." 23 Therefore we fasted and made request of our God concerning this, so that he let himself be entreated by us.
24I now separated from the chiefs of the priests twelve, namely, She·re·bi´ah, Hash·a·bi´ah, and with them ten of their brothers. 25 And I proceeded to weigh out to them the silver and the gold and the utensils, the contribution to the house of our God that the king and his counselors and his princes and all the Israelites who were to be found had contributed. 26 Thus I weighed out into their hand six hundred and fifty talents of silver and a hundred silver utensils worth [two] talents, [and] gold a hundred talents, 27 and twenty small gold bowls worth a thousand darics and two utensils of good copper, gleaming red, as desirable as gold.
28Then I said to them: "YOU are something holy to Jehovah, and the utensils are something holy, and the silver and the gold are a voluntary offering to Jehovah the God of YOUR forefathers. 29 Keep awake and be on guard until YOU weigh [them] out before the chiefs of the priests and the Levites and the princes of the fathers of Israel in Jerusalem, in the dining halls of the house of Jehovah." 30 And the priests and the Levites received the weight of the silver and the gold and the utensils, to bring [them] to Jerusalem to the house of our God.
31Finally we pulled away from the river A·ha´va on the twelfth [day] of the first month to go to Jerusalem, and the very hand of our God proved to be over us, so that he delivered us out of the palm of the enemy and the ambush by the way. 32 So we came to Jerusalem and dwelt there three days. 33 And on the fourth day we proceeded to weigh out the silver and the gold and the utensils in the house of our God into the hand of Mer´e·moth the son of U·ri´jah the priest and with him El·e·a´zar the son of Phin´e·has and with them Jo´za·bad the son of Jesh´u·a and No·a·di´ah the son of Bin´nu·i the Levites, 34 by number [and] by weight for everything, after which all the weight was written down at that time. 35 Those coming out of the captivity, the former exiles, themselves presented burnt sacrifices to the God of Israel, twelve bulls for all Israel, ninety-six rams, seventy-seven male lambs, twelve he-goats as a sin offering, everything as a burnt offering to Jehovah.
36Then we gave the laws of the king to the satraps of the king and the governors beyond the River, and they assisted the people and the house of the [true] God.
9And as soon as these things were finished, the princes approached me, saying: "The people of Israel and the priests and the Levites have not separated themselves from the peoples of the lands as regards their detestable things, namely, the Ca´naan·ites, the Hit´tites, the Per´iz·zites, the Jeb´u·sites, the Am´mon·ites, the Mo´ab·ites, the Egyptians and the Am´or·ites. 2 For they have accepted some of their daughters for themselves and for their sons; and they, the holy seed, have become mingled with the peoples of the lands, and the hand of the princes and the deputy rulers has proved to be foremost in this unfaithfulness."
3Now as soon as I heard of this thing I ripped apart my garment and my sleeveless coat, and I began to pull out some of the hair of my head and of my beard, and I kept sitting stunned. 4 Also to me they came gathering themselves, everyone trembling because of the words of the God of Israel against the unfaithfulness of the exiled people, while I was sitting stunned until the grain offering of the evening.
5And at the grain offering of the evening I stood up from my humiliation, with my garment and my sleeveless coat torn apart, and I proceeded to kneel upon my knees and spread out my palms to Jehovah my God. 6 And I went on to say: "O my God, I do feel ashamed and embarrassed to raise my face to you, O my God, for our errors themselves have multiplied over our head and our guiltiness has grown great even to the heavens. 7 From the days of our forefathers we have been in great guiltiness until this day; and because of our errors we have been given, we ourselves, our kings, our priests, into the hand of the kings of the lands with the sword, with the captivity and with the plunder and with shame of face, just as this day. 8 And now for a little moment favor from Jehovah our God has come by leaving over for us those who escape and by giving us a peg in his holy place, to make our eyes shine, O our God, and to give us a little reviving in our servitude. 9 For we are servants; and in our servitude our God has not left us, but he extends toward us loving-kindness before the kings of Persia, to give us a reviving so as to raise up the house of our God and to restore its desolated places and to give us a stone wall in Judah and in Jerusalem.
10"And now what shall we say, O our God, after this? For we have left your commandments, 11 which you commanded by means of your servants the prophets, saying, ‘The land that YOU people are going in to take possession of is an impure land because of the impurity of the peoples of the lands, because of their detestable things with which they have filled it from end to end by their uncleanness. 12 And now YOUR daughters do not YOU people give to their sons, neither their daughters do YOU accept for YOUR sons; and to time indefinite YOU must not work for their peace and their prosperity, in order that YOU may grow strong and certainly eat the good of the land and indeed take possession [of it] for YOUR sons to time indefinite.’ 13 And after all that has come upon us for our bad deeds and our great guiltiness—for you yourself, O our God, have underestimated our error, and you have given us those who have escaped such as these— 14 shall we go breaking your commandments again and forming marriage alliances with the peoples of these detestable things? Will you not get incensed at us to the limit so that there will be none remaining and none escaping? 15 O Jehovah the God of Israel, you are righteous, because we have been left over as an escaped people as at this day. Here we are before you in our guiltiness, for it is impossible to stand before you on account of this."
10Now as soon as Ez´ra had prayed and he had made confession while weeping and lying prostrate before the house of the [true] God, those of Israel collected themselves together to him, a very large congregation, men and women and children, for the people had wept profusely. 2 Then Shec·a·ni´ah the son of Je·hi´el of the sons of E´lam answered and said to Ez´ra: "We—we have acted unfaithfully against our God, so that we gave a dwelling to foreign wives from the peoples of the land. Yet now there exists a hope for Israel concerning this. 3 And now let us conclude a covenant with our God to put away all the wives and those born from them according to the counsel of Jehovah and of those trembling at the commandment of our God, that it may be done according to the law. 4 Get up, for the matter devolves upon you, and we are with you. Be strong and act."
5At that Ez´ra rose and had the chiefs of the priests, the Levites and all Israel take an oath to do according to this word. Accordingly they took an oath. 6 Ez´ra now rose from before the house of the [true] God and went to the dining hall of Je·ho·ha´nan the son of E·li´a·shib. Although he went there, he ate no bread and drank no water, for he was mourning over the unfaithfulness of the exiled people.
7Then they caused a call to pass throughout Judah and Jerusalem for all the former exiles to collect themselves together at Jerusalem; 8 and anyone that did not come in three days’ time according to the counsel of the princes and the older men—all his goods would be put under a ban and he himself be separated from the congregation of the exiled people. 9 So all the men of Judah and Benjamin collected themselves together at Jerusalem within three days, that is, in the ninth month on the twentieth [day] of the month, and all the people kept sitting in the open place of the house of the [true] God, shivering because of the matter and on account of the showers of rain.
10At length Ez´ra the priest rose and said to them: "YOU yourselves have acted unfaithfully in that YOU gave a dwelling to foreign wives so as to add to the guiltiness of Israel. 11 And now make confession to Jehovah the God of YOUR forefathers and do his pleasure and separate yourselves from the peoples of the land and from the foreign wives." 12 To this all the congregation answered and said with a loud voice: "Exactly according to your word it devolves upon us to do. 13 However, the people are many, and it is the season of showers of rain, and it is not possible to stand outside; and the business will not take one day or two, for we have rebelled to a great extent in this matter. 14 So, please, let our princes act representatively for all the congregation; and, as for all in our cities who have given a dwelling to foreign wives, let them come at the times appointed and along with them the older men of each individual city and its judges, until we have turned back the burning anger of our God from us, on account of this matter."
15(However, Jon´a·than the son of As´a·hel and Jah·zei´ah the son of Tik´vah themselves stood up against this, and Me·shul´lam and Shab´be·thai the Levites were the ones that helped them.) 16 And the former exiles proceeded to do that way; and Ez´ra the priest [and] the men that were the heads of the fathers for their paternal house, even all of them by [their] names, now separated themselves and began sitting on the first day of the tenth month to inquire into the matter; 17 and gradually they finished with all the men that had given a dwelling to foreign wives by the first day of the first month. 18 And some of the sons of the priests came to be found that had given a dwelling to foreign wives; of the sons of Jesh´u·a the son of Je·hoz´a·dak and his brothers, Ma·a·sei´ah and E·li·e´zer and Ja´rib and Ged·a·li´ah. 19 But they promised by shaking hands to put their wives away, and that, they being guilty, there should be a ram of the flock for their guiltiness.
20And of the sons of Im´mer there were Ha·na´ni and Zeb·a·di´ah; 21 and of the sons of Ha´rim, Ma·a·sei´ah and E·li´jah and She·mai´ah and Je·hi´el and Uz·zi´ah; 22 and of the sons of Pash´hur, Eli·o·e´nai, Ma·a·sei´ah, Ish´ma·el, Ne·than´el, Jo´za·bad and El·e·a´sah. 23 And of the Levites, Jo´za·bad and Shim´e·i and Ke·lai´ah (that is, Ke·li´ta), Peth·a·hi´ah, Judah and E·li·e´zer; 24 and of the singers, E·li´a·shib; and of the gatekeepers, Shal´lum and Te´lem and U´ri.
25And of Israel, of the sons of Pa´rosh there were Ra·mi´ah and Iz·zi´ah and Mal·chi´jah and Mij´a·min and El·e·a´zar and Mal·chi´jah and Be·nai´ah; 26 and of the sons of E´lam, Mat·ta·ni´ah, Zech·a·ri´ah and Je·hi´el and Ab´di and Jer´e·moth and E·li´jah; 27 and of the sons of Zat´tu, Eli·o·e´nai, E·li´a·shib, Mat·ta·ni´ah and Jer´e·moth and Za´bad and A·zi´za; 28 and of the sons of Be´bai, Je·ho·ha´nan, Han·a·ni´ah, Zab´bai, Ath´lai; 29 and of the sons of Ba´ni, Me·shul´lam, Mal´luch and A·dai´ah, Ja´shub and She´al [and] Jer´e·moth; 30 and of the sons of Pa´hath-mo´ab, Ad´na and Che´lal, Be·nai´ah, Ma·a·sei´ah, Mat·ta·ni´ah, Bez´al·el and Bin´nu·i and Ma·nas´seh; 31 and [of] the sons of Ha´rim, E·li·e´zer, Is·shi´jah, Mal·chi´jah, She·mai´ah, Shim´e·on, 32 Benjamin, Mal´luch [and] Shem·a·ri´ah; 33 of the sons of Ha´shum, Mat·te´nai, Mat´tat·tah, Za´bad, E·liph´e·let, Jer´e·mai, Ma·nas´seh [and] Shim´e·i; 34 of the sons of Ba´ni, Ma·a·da´i, Am´ram and U´el, 35 Be·nai´ah, Be·dei´ah, Chel´u·hi, 36 Va·ni´ah, Mer´e·moth, E·li´a·shib, 37 Mat·ta·ni´ah, Mat·te´nai and Ja´a·su; 38 and of the sons of Bin´nu·i, Shim´e·i 39 and Shel·e·mi´ah and Nathan and A·dai´ah, 40 Mach·nad´e·bai, Sha´shai, Sha´rai, 41 Az´ar·el and Shel·e·mi´ah, Shem·a·ri´ah, 42 Shal´lum, Am·a·ri´ah, Joseph; 43 of the sons of Ne´bo, Je·i´el, Mat·ti·thi´ah, Za´bad, Ze·bi´na, Jad´dai and Joel [and] Be·nai´ah. 44 These all had accepted foreign wives, and they proceeded to send away wives along with sons.